Understanding the Basics of Diaphragmatic Hernia

A diaphragmatic hernia develops if there is a dysfunction on the opening of the diaphragm that causes one of the organs to move upward to the chest.

The dysfunction on the opening of the diaphragm may be congenital in nature or acquired later in life. Diaphragmatic hernia from a blunt or penetrating injury is called acquired diaphragmatic hernia or ADH.

Blunt injuries such as car accidents and falls could result in ADH while penetrating injuries like those that come from a stab wound or gunshot wound can also result in ADH. To find out more about hernia, you can simply visit

Image result for Hernia

Image Source: Google

Risk factors for developing ADH include:

  • Blunt injuries because of traffic accident
  • Surgical procedures
  • Falls
  • Stab wounds or gunshot wounds

Symptoms of both CDH and ADH are:

Shortness of breath – it is caused by the abnormal development of the lungs.

Bluish skin discoloration – it is caused by the lack of oxygen in the body because the lungs cannot function properly turning the skin to blue.

Tachypnea – It occurs when the lungs try to equalize the lack of oxygen in the body

Tachycardia – It occurs when the heart beats rapidly to supply the body with oxygen-filled blood.

Diminished breath sounds – This is due to the lack of lung development in babies. This symptom normally is present in the case of CDH.

Bowel sounds in the chest area – This occurs due to the intestines moving up into the chest cavity.